(Phys.org)—A trio of researchers, two with the University of North Carolina and the other with the University of Kentucky, has conducted two kinds of experiments with results suggesting that income inequality in a society can lead those on the bottom to take more risks in hopes of increasing their position. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Keith Payne, Jason Hannay and Jazmin Brown-Iannuzz describe their experiments and why they believe their results indicate that rising inequality in the world today could lead to a range of poor outcomes. Credit: CC0 Public Domain © 2017 Phys.org Explore further Citation: Study suggests income inequality pushes people to take greater risks (2017, April 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-04-income-inequality-people-greater.html More information: B. Keith Payne et al. Economic inequality increases risk taking, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2017). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1616453114AbstractRising income inequality is a global trend. Increased income inequality has been associated with higher rates of crime, greater consumer debt, and poorer health outcomes. The mechanisms linking inequality to poor outcomes among individuals are poorly understood. This research tested a behavioral account linking inequality to individual decision making. In three experiments (n = 811), we found that higher inequality in the outcomes of an economic game led participants to take greater risks to try to achieve higher outcomes. This effect of unequal distributions on risk taking was driven by upward social comparisons. Next, we estimated economic risk taking in daily life using large-scale data from internet searches. Risk taking was higher in states with greater income inequality, an effect driven by inequality at the upper end of the income distribution. Results suggest that inequality may promote poor outcomes, in part, by increasing risky behavior. It is no secret that those on the lower end of the economic spectrum would like to move higher, nor is it a secret that the income inequality gap is growing in many countries across the globe. To learn more about the possible real-world impact of this change the researchers carried out two types of experiments designed to learn more about the behavior of those living below the standard of those at the top.The first type of experiment consisted of asking online volunteers to play a gambling game. Players were shown what they believed to be the average results of previous players—half of the volunteers were told that the best players earned significantly more than other players, while the other half were told the winnings gap was relatively small. Each of the volunteers was then asked how much they felt they needed to win to feel like they had done well and then were given a chance to play by placing bets where they could win real-world money. The betting options were arranged such that the greater the risk, the bigger the potential payoff.In studying how the volunteers performed, the researchers found that those who were told that prior players had won a lot more than other players tended to place riskier bets, hopefully leading to bigger rewards—they also generally expressed a higher need to win than the other players.To learn more about real-world conditions, the researchers studied Google search string data regarding risky behavior and financial gain, such as people searching for information about lottery winning, or other ways to win money. They found that people who lived in states where the income gap was the highest tended to conduct many more such searches.The researchers conclude by suggesting that exposure to high-income lifestyles entices lower-income people to engage in risky behavior in attempting to lift themselves higher. Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Study results suggest people are less cooperative in unequal societies when wealth inequality is evident
Examples of AEGIS target selection, collected from Martian day 1400 to 1660. Targets outlined in blue were rejected; those outlined in red were retained. Top-ranked targets are shaded green, and second-ranked targets are shaded orange. Credit: Francis et al., Sci. Robot. 2, eaan4582 (2017) (A) The ChemCam gaze. (B) ChemCam shoots lasers at rocks to analyze their content, leaving visible marks both on the surface (upper right) and inside the 16-mm-diameter drill hole (center) of this “Windjana” drill site. (C) ChemCam-measured soil targets. (D) The Remote Micro-Imager on ChemCam shoots high-focus photos of distant targets, such as this area in the Peace Vallis alluvial fan, approximately 25 km away. Credit: Francis et al., Sci. Robot. 2, eaan4582 (2017) Taking only 21,000 of the Curiosity mission’s total 3.8 million lines of code, AEGIS accurately selected desired targets over 2.5 kilometers of unexplored Martian terrain 93% of the time, compared to the 24% expected without the software. In this case, the desired target was outcrop, a type of Martian rock that’s ideal for analyzing the red planet’s geological history. Credit: Carla Schaffer / AAAS (Phys.org)—A team of researchers form the U.S., Denmark and France has created a report regarding the creation and use of software meant to give exploratory robots in space more autonomy. In their paper published in the journal Science Robotics, the team describes the software, called Autonomous Exploration for Gathering Increased Science (AEGIS), and how well it performed on the Mars rover Curiosity. Because of their limited computing power and distance from the Earth, space scientists believe that it would be advantageous for exploratory robots to have the ability to select which things to study. It would also allow for more research to be done when a robot is not able to communicate with Earth, such as when it is on the opposite face of a planet. Without such a system, a robot would have to scan a region, photograph it, send the photographic images back to Earth and then wait for instructions on what to do. With such a system, a robot such as Curiosity could scan the horizon, pick an object to study and then drive over and study it. This approach would save a lot of time, allowing the robot to study more objects before its useful lifespan expires. Because of that, NASA commissioned a team to create such software, which eventually became AEGIS. The software was tested and then uploaded to Curiosity in May of 2016 and was used 54 times over the next 11 months.The software allows the rover to control what has been dubbed the ChemCam, which is a device that is used to study rocks or other geologic features—a laser is fired at a target and then sensors measure the gases that occur as a result. Examples of AEGIS fixing human commands that miss the mark, called “autonomous pointing refinement.” (A, C) Human-calculated targets in red. (B, D) Target refinement by AEGIS indicated in red. Credit: Francis et al., Sci. Robot. 2, eaan4582 (2017) Explore further Play An animated representation of the Mars Curiosity rover. Its AEGIS software directs ChemCam to laser desired geological targets. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech The researchers report that they found the system to be 93 percent accurate compared to 24 percent without its use. The software, they claim, saved many hours of mission time, which was used for engaging in other useful activities such as studying meteorite content. They also report that the software allowed for an increase in ChemCam targeting from 256 per day to 327, which meant that more data was collected in the same amount of time. © 2017 Phys.org Journal information: Science Robotics Curiosity Mars rover can choose laser targets on its own This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen Citation: Software on Mars rover allows it to pick research targets autonomously (2017, June 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-06-software-mars-rover-autonomously.html More information: AEGIS autonomous targeting for ChemCam on Mars Science Laboratory: Deployment and results of initial science team use, Science Robotics (2017). robotics.sciencemag.org/lookup … /scirobotics.aan4582AbstractLimitations on interplanetary communications create operations latencies and slow progress in planetary surface missions, with particular challenges to narrow–field-of-view science instruments requiring precise targeting. The AEGIS (Autonomous Exploration for Gathering Increased Science) autonomous targeting system has been in routine use on NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover since May 2016, selecting targets for the ChemCam remote geochemical spectrometer instrument. AEGIS operates in two modes; in autonomous target selection, it identifies geological targets in images from the rover’s navigation cameras, choosing for itself targets that match the parameters specified by mission scientists the most, and immediately measures them with ChemCam, without Earth in the loop. In autonomous pointing refinement, the system corrects small pointing errors on the order of a few milliradians in observations targeted by operators on Earth, allowing very small features to be observed reliably on the first attempt. AEGIS consistently recognizes and selects the geological materials requested of it, parsing and interpreting geological scenes in tens to hundreds of seconds with very limited computing resources. Performance in autonomously selecting the most desired target material over the last 2.5 kilometers of driving into previously unexplored terrain exceeds 93% (where ~24% is expected without intelligent targeting), and all observations resulted in a successful geochemical observation. The system has substantially reduced lost time on the mission and markedly increased the pace of data collection with ChemCam. AEGIS autonomy has rapidly been adopted as an exploration tool by the mission scientists and has influenced their strategy for exploring the rover’s environment. (A) The ChemCam gaze. (B) ChemCam shoots lasers at rocks to analyze their content, leaving visible marks both on the surface (upper right) and inside the 16-mm-diameter drill hole (center) of this “Windjana” drill site. (C) ChemCam-measured soil targets. (D) The Remote Micro-Imager on ChemCam shoots high-focus photos of distant targets, such as this area in the Peace Vallis alluvial fan, approximately 25 km away. Credit: Francis et al., Sci. Robot. 2, eaan4582 (2017) Examples of AEGIS fixing human commands that miss the mark, called “autonomous pointing refinement.” (A, C) Human-calculated targets in red. (B, D) Target refinement by AEGIS indicated in red. Credit: Francis et al., Sci. Robot. 2, eaan4582 (2017)
Credit: CC0 Public Domain More information: Chloé Laubu et al. Pair-bonding influences affective state in a monogamous fish species, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (2019). DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2019.0760 When humans pair-bond in a sexually monogamous relationship, there is an element of emotion involved—but what about other animals? That was the question the researchers sought to answer. To learn more, they conducted experiments with convict cichlid fish in their lab.In the wild, convict cichlid fish mate monogamously. After mating, when the female produces eggs, the males hang around to protect her and the eggs. And after the eggs hatch, the young are protected by both parents. To learn more about the bonds they forge, the researchers conducted a two-part experiment.In the first part of the experiment, the researchers separated a large tank into three sections. They placed a female in the middle tank and a male in each of the other two sections. The team watched to see which she demonstrated a preference for by cozying up to one or the other. The researchers then put one of the males in with the female and allowed them to mate. They report that the females who were allowed to mate with their preferred choice spawned faster, had more offspring and took better care of them compared to those paired with a rejected male. To effectively measure each fish’s mental response to separation, researchers from the University of Burgundy in Dijon trained females to use their mouths to open two small boxes, placed either side of their tanks To effectively measure each fish’s mental response to separation, researchers from the University of Burgundy in Dijon trained females to use their mouths to open two small boxes, placed either side of their tanks The same set-up was used for experiments 1 and 2. The box in the front of the tank was only introduced in experiment 2. Credit: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (2019). DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2019.0760 © 2019 Science X Network In the second part of the experiment, the researchers trained the females to recognize the difference between a box containing food and one that was empty. Then, they introduced a new box that required investigation to determine if it held food. The level of interest interest they showed in investigating the new box was considered a marker of her mood. They found that when her chosen mate was present in the tank with her, she expressed far more interest in checking out the new box than if the rejected male was with her. The researchers claim this is an example of “pessimistic bias,” demonstrating that the females do become gloomier when separated from their desired mate. Journal information: Proceedings of the Royal Society B Female guppy fish choose sperm from preferred males A team of researchers at the University of Burgundy has found that a certain type of monogamous female fish exhibits a pessimistic bias when separated from its mate. In their paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, the group describes experiments they conducted with convict cichlid fish and what they found. Citation: Monogamous fish found to show pessimistic bias when separated from mate (2019, June 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-06-monogamous-fish-pessimistic-bias.html The same set-up was used for experiments 1 and 2. The box in the front of the tank was only introduced in experiment 2. Credit: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (2019). DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2019.0760 Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Music lovers in the Capital can gear up for their annual date with folk and Bollywood. Delhi Government announced the annual Qutub Festival on Wednesday. This time too, the festival that features modern contemporary music against the backdrop of the magnificent Qutab Minar, is going heavy on Bollywood. The five-day music fest will feature top Bollywood singers like Shan, Hariharan, Shreya Ghosal, Mohit Chauhan along with Pakistani Sufi singer Arif Lohar who shot to fame with his song Jugni which was incorporated in the Saif Ali Khan, Deepika Padukone starrer Cocktail. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting”Right from its inception, Qutub Festival has elucidated euphoric response from the people of Delhi. Held on the backdrop of the world famous Qutab Minar, the festival has a unique character and gives soul-stirring experience,’ said Rawail Singh, secretary, Punjabi Academy which is organising the festival along with Department of Art, Culture and Languages, Government of Delhi. ‘Big names from the Bollywood music industry in different genres will perform under one roof. We are confident and sure that the audience will appreciate and welcome this musical extravaganza with open arms. This festival will showcase a different musical marvel every day,’ he added. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe first day of the festival will also feature the band Astitva, a multi-genre Hindi band formed in 2007. Their songs are a blend of rock, jazz and Hindustani classical, with Hindi and Urdu lyrics. The event is a part of the ongoing Delhi Celebrates, an initiative by Delhi chief minister Sheila Dikshit to showcase the culture of India and the national capital. Entry to the festival is through free passes that will be available in Dilli Haat (both Pitampura and INA), Delhi Tourism Office in Baba Kharak Singh Marg and Punjabi Academy in Pahargunj 12 November onwards. Schedule:15 November:Shaan & Astitva16 November: Hariharan17 November: Shreya Ghoshal18 November : Arif Lohar19 November: Mohit Chauhan
Moving away from regular art sceneries, here’s an exhibition in the Capital that gets the limelight back on portraits. Khoj International Artists Association brings Residual, a solo show of portraits by Anpu Varkey. Varkey has chosen to paint portraits of friends – many of whom are themselves artists – she has encountered done during the last three years.The portrait format in her works is used like a portal into a hyper-real realm of being. Awkward hues of reds, greens and yellow mould the face and torso, displacing the ‘model’ from any recognizable place or culture. These hues are fantasy coded within a literary text or short story; Lovecraft’s putrid green or Ballard’s vermillion skies or the morbidity in Poe’s writing. Within each face languishes the remembrance of another face, posthumously read in fiction or built up by the artist’s imagination. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Talking about her methodology, Varkey says: ‘The colorised skin-tones condition the works to be less referential to the ‘real’. A rapid addition and subtraction of colour through various sittings creates the form – the residue. Small strokes form gashes in the face that belie no recognizable face. I have disparate interests in painting and portraiture is one of them.’The portraiture sessions are a series of informal encounters between the artist and model (always a friend). Their finality is arrived at through various permutations of colour combinations, which can be unending or stunted depending on the frequency of the model’s attendance. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixVarkey completed her MFA from MSU, Baroda before getting a Diploma in Fine Arts at Central St. Martins Byam Shaw School of Art, London, UK in 2005. The artist was born in August 1980 in Bangalore, India. She lives and works in New Delhi, India.The rich bold strokes and contemplative expressions seen in the works makes this exhibition a must visit.WHERE: Khoj Studios, Khirkee Extension WHEN: On till 27 October, 11 am to 7 pm
The last leg of Sunburn Arena came to a close in the city with DJ Tiesto playing for a packed ‘field’. And what a performance it was! And though we must mention that the horrors of terrible parking and long lines can be forgotten for the two hours of absolute crazy EDM and the sky touching energy levels at the concert – we do wish we had a little more of the man!The 3-city tour covering Mumbai, Bangalore and Delhi was only the music icon’s second trip to the country in almost a decade. The World No. 2 did not disappoint, pulling off an adrenaline pumping set that brought down the house bringing an electrifying end to the season-ending. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Shailendra Singh, the man behind Sunburn spoke about the growing popularity of EDM in India and called it the moot reason for a concert like this to function so well.DJ Tiesto spoke to Millennium Post about what he does best – drive the crowds wild. ‘India is great! Each country is unique but India has great fans with tons of energy. This is my second time in India. I came here back in 2008. I really like India, it has a very distinctive culture,’ says the DJ. So where did the music mania come from? ‘I grew up in Breda. We’re all influenced by our surroundings and Holland had a big influence on me. There are so many great producers and DJs from Holland, so kids look up to them. As a teen I used to listen to a lot of rock music. Def Leppard, Van Halen, Iron Maiden to name a few. Later started DJing for local house parties in my teens,’ he explains. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixAnd the biggest moment for Tiesto? ‘Performing at Olympics is one of the memorable experience along with a lot of other amazing performances. I played on the beach in Rio De Janeiro for over 250,000 people which is another gig I can’t forget!’ comes the pat reply! For our ears only, how is Tiesto off the console? ‘I don’t really concern myself so much with titles. I focus on making music, my shows and the fans. I love sports so that’s always a great way for me to unwind,’ says the man and we are all smiles!
Kolkata: Police have arrested nine persons from North 24-Parganas’ Naihati for their alleged involvement in an interstate kidney smuggling racket.Acting on a tip off, a team of investigators raided a rented house in Mitra Para area of Naihati where the accused had taken shelter for quite sometime. According to the preliminary investigation, police suspect that the accused had been operating the racket from the house. They also suspect that the accused might be a part of an interstate smuggling racket. It was learnt that an employee of the Naihati Municipality had helped the accused to rent the house, which belongs to one Biswajit. The owner of the house has also been arrested by the police along with Sarfaraz Ahmed, Md Iqbal and Bharati Chetri and others. According to the police, Bharati is from Assam. After interrogating the accused, police came to know the name of Md Akhtar who is believed to be the kingpin. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsCops are conducting raids to nab the kingpin. They are trying to know the modus operandi of the racket as to how the accused had collected the kidneys and where they used to the sell them. Preliminary investigation suggests that many of the accused, arrested in the incident might have been working as agents whose job was to find customers.It can be said that city police also arrested a youth for his alleged involvement in a kidney racket. The incident took place on 11 April when the accused Suman Sinha, alias Samir, was aimlessly loitering around at a private hospital in Mukundapur area. He was held by the police from Purba Jadavpur police station.
Darjeeling: The demand for declaring North Bengal and the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration areas as a ‘Scheduled Area’ resonated on Monday.Binay Tamang, President, Gorkha Janmukti Morcha, has demanded that the Union government immediately grant ‘Scheduled Area’ status to North Bengal and the GTA areas. Incidentally, ‘Scheduled Areas’ are socially and economically backward areas. Scheduled areas find mention in the 5th schedule of the Indian Constitution under Article 244(1). Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeStates like Chattisgarh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Jharkhand, Himachal Pradesh have been granted ‘Scheduled Areas’. Tamang on his way back to Darjeeling from Delhi, talking to media persons at Bagdogra Airport said: “Both North Bengal and the GTA areas are socially and economically backward areas. If the Government can declare economically sound areas in Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and other states, then why not North Bengal and the GTA areas?” questioned Tamang. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedHe alleged that the BJP was indulging in vote politics in the Hills. “Twice we elected BJP MPs for Gorkhaland. They had also assured that they would incorporate 11 Gorkha communities in the Scheduled Tribe list. Forget Gorkhaland, they have not done anything for the schedule tribe status as well,” stated Tamang. He stated that the BJP Government by using central forces had prevented the GJM from observing their foundation day on October 7 in Delhi. “They threatened to arrest me and did not even allow a cultural programme. The BJP complain that there is no democracy in West Bengal but I found that there is no democracy in the capital of this country. We were humiliated,” retorted Tamang. The GJM plans to hold a massive rally in Delhi after Diwali. “Whether they give us permission, even if we are arrested, we will go ahead with the rally,” added Tamang. Tamang alleged that all of this was the handiwork of SS Ahluwalia, BJP MP from Darjeeling.
Researchers, one of whom is of Indian-origin, have discovered that lower levels of a hormone may make teenagers vulnerable to gaining unhealthy weight. “Our study is the first to look at levels of spexin in the pediatric population,” said one of the study authors Seema Kumar from Mayo Clinic Children’s Centre in Minnesota, US. Potentially tied to weight management, spexin is also believed to have a role in controlling arterial blood pressure as well as salt and water balance. “Previous research has found reduced levels of this hormone in adults with obesity. Overall, our findings suggest spexin may play a role in weight gain, beginning at an early age,” she added. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The study was published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. The study analysed spexin levels in 51 obese, and 18 teenagers of normal weights between ages 12 and 18. The participants had blood samples taken between 2008 and 2010 as part of separate clinical trials. Researchers tested the blood samples to measure spexin levels. They divided the teenagers into four groups based on their spexin levels. Among the participants with the lowest levels of spexin, the odds of having obesity were a little more than five times higher than in the group with the highest levels of the hormone. “Since this is a cross-sectional study, more research is needed to explore the physiological significance of spexin, how it may be involved in the development of childhood obesity, and whether it can be used to treat or manage the condition,” she added.
Don’t just stick to tea and ‘pakoras when the rain clouds gather. Add variety to your monsoon snack list, say experts. Noah Barnes, Executive Chef at The Hungry Monkey, Naresh Guglani, Corporate Chef at Del Monte, and Neeraj Balasubramanian, Executive Chef at The Park, Visakhapatnam, suggest some snacking ideas.* Tomato and cheese bruschetta: Place sliced bread on a baking tray, drizzle extra virgin olive oil, chopped garlic and any dried spice available in the kitchen cabinet, bake till golden brown. Top with chopped tomatoes, cheese and chopped basil. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf* Pizza pockets: Place pizza dough (cut in 3-inch diameter circles) on a baking tray, drizzle olive oil and chopped garlic, top with chopped tomatoes and pizza sauce, add generous amounts of big cubes of mozzarella and cream cheese. Fold to form a semi-circle (half moon) to seal the edges. Bake at 180 degree Celsius for six to seven minutes. Serve hot with cheese oozing out.* Banana prune and chocolate toasties: Slice a few bananas, get some Del Monte Prunes, break a fruit and nut chocolate bar into small pieces and mix them. Apply butter on both sides of sliced bread or sliced brioche, fill the banana, prunes and chocolate mixture and make toasties in sandwich griller. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive* Stuffed mushrooms: Mix breadcrumbs, chopped mushroom stems and grated Parmesan cheese with a table spoon of a pizza pasta sauce; stuff into mushroom caps, drizzle olive oil and bake at 400 degrees F for 30 minutes.* Asian lettuce wraps: To make the filling, heat oil in a large skillet over medium heat. Add onion, ginger, lemongrass and garlic, and cook for seven to 10 minutes, or until onions are soft and beginning to brown. Add tofu and water chestnuts, breaking tofu into small crumbles; cook for four minutes, or until heated through. Stir in soy, hoisin and Sriracha sauce. Transfer to serving bowl. Place lettuce leaves on platter, and set out garnishes in small serving bowls. Let guests wrap tofu mixture in lettuce leaves, and top with their choice of garnish. * Chicken pineapple and olive spears: In a saucepan over medium heat, add the ketchup, soy sauce, honey, mustard, sugar, garlic and lemon juice. Bring to a simmer and cook gently until thickened for about 10 minutes. Set aside and cool.Heat an outdoor grill or a grill pan. Cut each chicken thigh into two pieces. Peel the pineapple and cut it into one or one-and-half-inch chunks. Alternating between the chicken, olives and pineapple, thread the pieces onto the skewers. Brush them with olive oil and season them with salt and pepper. Remove the garlic cloves from the barbecue sauce and discard; put about half the sauce into a small bowl for later. Brush skewers with some of the sauce. Cook them on the grill, basting regularly with the barbecue sauce, until cooked through, about 10 to 15 minutes. Serve with reserved barbecue sauce on the side for dipping.
Kolkata: Partha Chatterjee, the state Education and Parliamentary Affairs minister, will inaugurate the eight-day-long Jangalmahal Utsav at Jhargram on Thursday.State Transport minister Suvendu Adhikari will be the special guest. Shantiram Mahato, minister for Paschimanchal Unnayan Affairs department and Sukumar Hansda, Deputy Speaker, will be present at the inaugural function. The fair was started by Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee in 2013 to win the confidence of the people of Jangalmahal who had been under constant threats by the Maoists. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe Mela will be held at the Kumudmumari Institution from January 24 to 31. Forty two state government departments will be put up at the fair to create awareness among the people. State government officials will be there to interact with the masses and iron out their problems. It may be mentioned that in the administrative review meetings held recently, the Chief Minister had asked the district officials to take initiative to make people aware about the various projects introduced by the state government. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseIn addition to these stalls, four districts of Jangalmahal, namely Jhargram, Purulia, West Midnapore and Bankura will put up stalls to highlight the activities that are going on in the districts. Paschimanchal Unnayan Affairs department will put up a stall to showcase the projects that have been taken up in the area. Cultural competitions have been continuing in 24 blocks of Jangalmahal and the award winners of the district-level contests will take part in the cultural shows. There are seven districts in Jangalmahal and each district has been allotted a day to showcase their cultural activities. There will be 100 stalls where artisans will put up various products that include wooden dolls, various room decoration items made of dokra. Forty groups comprising folk artistes from 24 blocks will be given musical instruments including dhama, madal and dhol. After coming to power in 2011, Banerjee started visiting Jangalmahal on a regular basis to win the confidence of people. The Maoists had established a reign of terror in the area. The students could not go to school and tourism was badly hit. The folk culture had nearly become extinct. To improve communication, several bridges had been constructed. To help the folk artistes nearly 2 lakh performers from all over the state are given monthly stipends and are invited to take part in programmes hosted by various state government departments. Tourism is coming up in a very big way in Jangalmahal.
Kolkata: Two persons were arrested by the Detective Department (DD) of Kolkata Police along with 4kg ganja on Wednesday night from the Anandapur area. Sleuths came to know that the ganja was intended for selling to students of various schools and colleges across the city.Police recently got tipped off about a racket being operated by some people who were supplying ganja to school students in and around the Taltala area. Based on the information, one Munni Das was arrested on March 4 opposite a school on AJC Bose Road with 3 kg ganja. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseSleuths came to know that apart from schools in the Taltala area, the racket used to target several other renowned schools across the city as well. On March 4, police had come to know from sources that someone would be going to a school located on AJC Bose Road to sell ganja. Based on the information, police reached the spot in plain clothes and kept a strong vigil in and around the school. In the afternoon, police officers noticed Das with a handheld shopping bag. After a while, sleuths noticed that Das was trying to approach some school students and was immediately detained. During preliminary search, ganja was found inside her shopping bag. Without wasting any time, police took her to the Narcotics Cell facility and started interrogating her. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataDuring interrogation, Das revealed the names of the duo arrested from Anandapur, identified as Dudh Kumar Halder and Parvina Bibi. Later, sleuths came to know that several students of renowned colleges and schools were their customers. Sleuths are now mulling about contacting the authorities of the schools and colleges whose names have cropped up in the case. Halder is a resident of Rajdanga, while Bibi resides on a footpath near 4 number gate of New Market.
Kolkata: In a significant step to boost police-public relation, Kolkata Police will now organise performances of police band in front of Victoria Memorial on weekends. The first performance of the band was held at the venue on Saturday afternoon and was followed on Sunday at the same time.”I wanted to experiment by bringing the performance of the band to the general public, to increase police-public relations. As of now, it is going to perform on weekends in front of the north gate of Victoria Memorial,” said Anuj Sharma, Commissioner of Police, Kolkata. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataIt may be mentioned that the Kolkata Police Band is an old heritage of Kolkata Police, with a long and enriching history. The formation of the band dates back to November 1, 1858, when a group of Englishmen were hurriedly mobilised from the city of Calcutta and organised into a “Pipe-Band” to play at the Governor’s House. The Band normally performs during Republic Day, Independence Day, at national and international sporting events as well as on the occasions of State Receptions hosted in the honour of State guests. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state”We have plans to have the band perform in different parts of the city in near future,” Sharma added. According to a senior official of Kolkata Police, the primary objective of the band is to contribute to effective operation of police service by strengthening and expanding lines of communication and public relations between the public and police and provide ceremonial support as and when required. “We have plans to host the band’s performance at some major tourist destinations in the city which have large footfall,” the official said. The Victoria Memorial has an average footfall of 35,000 during the winter season and it often goes up to 40,000 during weekends. Normally, 15 percent more visitors turn up at the Memorial during weekends. Moreover, in the afternoon, a number of people turn up at the north gate to take photographs of the Memorial and also to take a ride on the horse carriage that starts from near the gate.
Sir Isaac Newton was a mathematician and physicist during the late 17th and early 18th centuries. He developed the principles of modern physics, especially about motion and gravity, and was considered instrumental in the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century, according to Biography. Newton is a very multifaceted figure. He was undeniably a brilliant scientific mind, and a very pious man. He was also prone to fits of rage, insecurity, and social withdrawal, where he would do no work and isolate himself from everyone.Portrait of Newton in 1689 by Godfrey Kneller.He had a longtime interest in the study of alchemy, and was searching for the recipe to create the Philosopher’s Stone, which was reputed to turn base metals into gold, and have the power to confer eternal life.Unlike with his interests in math and physics, his alchemical research was a very private pursuit, and was not driven by money so much as it was inspired by a desire for power over nature, according to Nova.Page from from Memoirs of Sir Isaac Newton’s life, by William Stukeley, 1752All of these things taken together build a picture of a man who struggled with mental illness, probably bipolar disorder, according to Futurism.When he was around 19 or 20, Newton maintained a diary in which he cataloged a list of his sins. Examining his list, it’s clear that he had problems with anger from a young age.Newton in a 1702 portrait by Godfrey KnellerHe identifies, among his sins, “peevishness” with his mother, his sister, and at “Master Clarks, for a piece of bread and butter”. He lists “falling out with the servants”, as well.You could say that bad temper and grouchiness are par for the course for a boy of his years, and that would certainly be true, but he also specifies, as number 13, “threatening my father and mother Smith to burn them, and the house over them”.Isaac Newton’s Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica – Manuscript volume from which the first edition was printed.He also cites multiple examples of physical aggression, punching his sister, beating people, and putting a pin in someone’s hat, so that it will scratch them. He comes across as anxious, egotistical, and dominating.Portrait of Sir Isaac Newton, oil on canvasNewton was not a people person. He didn’t make friends. In his personal life, he only had close emotional relation relationships with two people, his niece Catherine Barton, who became his housekeeper in London, and a mathematician named Fatio de Duillier, who was only 25 when he and Newton met.Woolsthorpe Manor, Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, Lincolnshire, England. This house was the birthplace and the family home of Sir Isaac Newton. Photo by Defacto CC BY-SA 4.0Their relationship was very emotionally intense, and neither man ever married, which makes some of Newton’s biographers speculate that the men were romantically involved, although there is no proof.In his professional life, he was very touchy and insecure about his work, and would fly into fits of rage over its criticism, resulting in his withdrawing and refusing to continue his work. These episodes of withdrawal could last for months. He shied away from fame, and requested that his papers be published anonymously.Isaac Newton in old age in 1712, portrait by Sir James Thornhill.He had sincere religious beliefs, and was a nominal Anglican, but seemed to have a Puritan view of morality and religious observance, as can be seen from his list of sins.Isaac Newton’s tomb in Westminster AbbeyMultiple items reflect his notions of what he owed to God, and his remorse at not always living up to that standard. He had a keen interest in mysticism that was tied firmly to his study of alchemy.He believed that he had been chosen by God. In fact, the pseudonym he took to communicate with fellow alchemists was Jehovah Sanctus Unus, which translates to “Holy God”, according to the New York Post.Read another story from us: Isaac Newton’s lost alchemy recipe for ‘Philosopher’s Stone’ rediscoveredDespite all of these issues, Sir Isaac Newton was brilliant, and prolific in his work. His intellectual curiosity was not hampered by what was clearly a difficult personality, and despite his struggles and mood swings he still made a large and incredibly significant contribution to the world of science.
During the Victorian Era, women had relatively few rights of any kind, particularly in their marriages. Husbands who were so inclined and had the resources could lead their lives pretty much as they chose, leaving their wives with little to say in the matter. There are stories from the time that describe women being institutionalized by husbands who were less worried about their spouses mental health than by not wanting to have them complain about or try to stifle their wastrel, drinking, or philandering ways. Such was the case for Catherine Dickens, who was perfectly sane.Catherine DickensHer husband, famous author Charles Dickens, tried to have her committed and began (or continued, sources differ) an affair with 18-year-old actress Ellen “Nelly” Ternan.Charles Dickens married Catherine Hogarth in 1836, after meeting her through their shared employment at the Morning Chronicle.Charles Dickens between 1867 and 1868Their marriage was very happy during its first few years, and the first of their ten children was born in January 1837, less than a year after their wedding. The couple was initially quite smitten with each other and in addition to starting their family, they traveled together, making trips to Scotland and America.Ellen Ternan, 1858Some six years into their marriage, Catherine’s sister, Georgina, came to live with the couple to offer support to Catherine, who had borne several children already and was feeling overwhelmed.Over the following years, Dickens became less enchanted with his wife and marriage, holding her responsible for the fact that they had produced so many children and being displeased at her lack of energy.Cropped photograph of Charles DickensAs time progressed, his treatment of her became more dismissive and demeaning. Dickens met Nelly in 1857, twenty years into his marriage, and fell in love all over again. After meeting Ternan, Dickens found his marriage to Catherine even more untenable and decided to pursue a divorce.Catherine Dickens by Daniel Maclise, c.1847According to Smithsonian, the first steps Dickens took were to stop sharing a bedroom with his wife, and then to separate from her legally, forcing her to leave the family home.At the time of her departure, Dickens wrote a letter to his agent which said that she had decided to move out on her own, and noted that she had a “mental disorder under which she sometimes labors.”Letter from Charles Dickens to Angela Burdett-CouttsThe letter was, perhaps unsurprisingly, leaked, and it had a large impact on shaping the public’s notions about the relationship and impending divorce.Catherine’s feelings on the subject were unknown until recently when John Bowen, a Professor of 19th Century Literature at the University of York, came across an auction listing for a bundle of 98 letters.A daguerreotype of Catherine Dickens in 1852The letters ended up as part of the Harvard Theatre Collection, where Bowen had the opportunity to read through them. The letters were written by Edward Dutton Cook, a neighbor and longtime friend of the Dickens family, and were to a fellow journalist.Portrait of Edward Dutton Cook (1829-1883)The letters gave details of the circumstances of the Dickens’ separation, which Catherine had revealed to him in the year before her death.Before the discovery of Cook’s letter, scholars already knew that there were hints of bad behavior on Dickens’ part with regard to his treatment of his wife during the separation.Catherine’s aunt, Helen Thompson, had said that Dickens had tried to have his wife’s doctor diagnose her as being mentally unsound, but the record of Thompson’s allegations was considered a forgery.Cook’s letters give full support to Thompson’s statement on the subject, and Bowen even believes he knows who the name of the doctor that Dickens approached with the job — Thomas Harrington Tuke, a friend of Dickens at the time, and the superintendent of an asylum.Catherine Hogarth-Dickens and Charles Dickens, joint photographsAnother of Dickens’ friends, Edward Bulwer-Lytton, actually succeeded in doing what Dickens had failed to do, and managed to have his estranged wife Rosina declared a lunatic and institutionalized for three weeks.There is every reason to believe that the letter Dickens’ agent leaked to the public was, in fact, laying the groundwork for his plan of having her committed.Edward Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton (1803-0873), British politician, poet, playwright and novelistFurther, he was pretty piqued at his lack of success in swaying Dr. Tuke. In later years, Dickens was heard to refer to the unfortunate doctor as a “Medical Donkey”. It’s difficult to imagine such goings-on from someone who was a social advocate.Related Video: 13 Victorian Vulgarities Everyone Should KnowHe was responsible for helping establish a safehouse for young homeless women and visited insane asylums in both England and America, writing passionately about the need for humane treatment for inmates.Charles Dickens House MuseumHe wrote with great sympathy about the plight of the underprivileged in his books as well. Even so, the documentary evidence suggests he was still behaving in a markedly inhumane way towards his wife of 20 years.Perhaps even more disturbingly, immediately after his separation from Catherine he wrote a public notice explaining the division of his household.Charles Dickens at Madame Tussauds wax museumIn his explanation, Dickens went to great lengths to say that the dissolution of his marriage was mutual and amicable, and asked that the family’s privacy be respected and no intrusive questions asked.Read another story from us: Charles Dickens’ Pet Raven Inspired Edgar Allen Poe’s Most Famous WorkGiven the content of Cook’s letters, it seems this request was less about care and concern for all the parties involved than it was about keeping his own poor behavior out of the public eye.
For centuries, the Notre Dame cathedral in Paris has sheltered some of the world’s most sacred relics, artifacts, and works of art. As a horrendous fire raged over the Gothic structure on April 15th, causing its spire and ribbed roof to crumble, everyone feared for the fate of the treasures secured inside the cathedral. Had the Holy Crown of Thorns been lost for example, which is considered to be the original crown of thorns placed on Jesus’s head as he was about to be crucified, that would have been a huge loss for Christianity. Fortunately, the Holy Crown of Thorns was among the items saved.The extent of damage Photo by Louis H. G. CC BY-SA 4.0In the aftermath of the fire, the Paris Fire Brigade said on Twitter that Notre Dame’s stone construction was “saved” as well as the “main works of art.”“We have avoided a complete disaster. But some five to 10 percent of the artwork has probably been destroyed, we have to face up to that,” also said Maxime Cumunel from France’s Observatory for Religious Heritage, the Guardian has reported.A message from the Parisian Ingress CommunityAs many of you may already know, the Notre-Dame cathedral of Paris has been ravaged by flames earlier this week. The fire started under the spire in the evening and by the time people noticed it was already too late #embeddedreporter pic.twitter.com/b0IcPdIJlj— Ingress Reporter (@AgentMarkJairo) April 17, 2019Those engaged on the scene followed an already established plan on what should be done in case Notre Dame’s artifacts were threatened. The plan was activated quickly and was also supported by the Paris fire brigade chaplain Jean-Marc Fournier, thanks to whom, the Crown of Thorns and the Blessed Sacrament were saved.A linen tunic of Saint Louis, who had acted as the King of France during the 13th-century, was also saved from loss. Saint Louis is said to have worn that particular garment when he brought the sacred Crown of Thorns to Paris. After his life ended, he was canonized as a saint by the church, in 1297.(Photo by Philippe Wang/Getty Images)Fragments of the True Cross, believed to have been from the one upon which Jesus was crucified, and an accompanying original nail, were both spared from destruction as well, according to French media reports.Saved from the ruins was a copper rooster that graced the top of the spire that collapsed during the fire in what was one of the most dramatic moments of the entire calamity. French ambassador to the U.S. Gerard Araud reportedly tweeted that the copper rooster “contains relics for the protection of Paris,” the CNN reported. Check out the video for a closer look:The cathedral’s famed two towers were left intact by the hazard, although small fires had begun to develop there. Intervention in this part of the structure was quick. Before the construction of the Eiffel Tower at the end of the 19th-century, the North and South towers of the Notre Dame stood as the tallest on the Paris skyline. The first was erected in 1240, the former ten years after that.Drone footage shows stunning views of Notre Dame Cathedral just five months before the heartbreaking fire. https://t.co/I2U2ZXMmcl pic.twitter.com/VLLy8JluBp— USA TODAY (@USATODAY) April 17, 2019The South Tower keeps Emanuelle, the cathedral’s main bell, which has been chimed for some of the most important historical events in France, including the announcement that World War Two had ended. The bell is there, though initial reports suggested it’s unknown if any harm was inflicted on it.The Grand Organ kept at Notre Dame was reported to have survived, although this most treasured of musical instruments may have suffered damage not from the heat of the fumes but from the water poured inside the building in response to the fire. It is due to be determined if the piece can be played. Some of its 8,000 pipes are dated to the Middle Ages.The three emblematic stained-glass windows of Notre Dame, known as the Rose Windows, seem to have made it unaffected through the disaster too. However, experts are due to make further examination on each piece separately.Notre-Dame after the fire Photo by Pyb CC BY-SA 4.0One of Notre Dame’s central pieces and the work of French-born sculptor Nicolas Coustou (1658-1733), Descent from the Cross, has survived on the cathedral’s high altar where it stood. The piece might have endured a little damage.The artifacts that were saved were brought to the Paris city hall. Much of these included gold and silver fine works such as candelabras. The artwork that has been recovered is due to undergo dehumidification and restoration, probably at the Louvre. For instance, a group of paintings called the Mays de Notre showed signs of smoke damage and will need a touch from restorers.Notre-Dame after the fire Photo by Pyb CC BY-SA 4.0Still uncertain is the fate of other art pieces such as the paintings St. Thomas Aquinas, Fountain of Wisdom, done by Antoine Nicolas in 1648 and brought to Notre Dame in 1974.At least four other immense paintings revealing scenes with the apostles and dated to the 17th and 18th-centuries had been reported partially damaged at best. Among the items that have been lost is a smaller piece of the Holy Crown of Thorns that was kept separately, and two relics associated with Saint Geneviève and Saint-Denis.France declares international competition for architects to design new spire for #NotreDame https://t.co/NqnqZ6pYpP pic.twitter.com/mgwnoWVzqo— Newsweek (@Newsweek) April 17, 2019It is due to be reported on the scope of damage that suffered the exterior of Notre Dame, where some mesmerizing pieces of gargoyles and other mythological creatures have stood affixed for centuries, faithfully guarding the grandiose cathedral with their entrenched eyes.Read another story from us: 850 Years of History Engulfed in Flames – A Look at the Notre Dame AftermathIn response to the catastrophic fire, millions have already been pledged in donations in order to restore the Notre Dame. A number of countries have already offered their help to France in the Notre Dame rebuilding effort that is to follow in the forthcoming years.
Advertisement Every passionate college fan base has its share of message board crazies, and the University of Kansas basketball team is no different. One not-quite-all-there fan was so unhappy with the Jayhawks’ recent performance from the free throw line, he decided to take matters into his own hands to fix it with an impromptu coaching session.According to the Lawrence Journal-World:“University of Kansas police were called to the men’s basketball dorm Wednesday afternoon, where a man reportedly kept showing up to give a resident there some “free-throw advice.”The call about the man “wanting to give free-throw advice” came in about 3:30 p.m., but when police got to McCarthy Hall, the man — who’s not a KU student — had already left, KU police Deputy Chief James Anguiano said. For that reason, at least as of about an hour after the call, police didn’t plan to file a trespassing or other criminal report, Anguiano said. (Radio traffic indicated the man had been there multiple times that day before the police were called, and may have come back again just before 5 p.m. Note: Subject’s clothing description included a blue and red windbreaker.) Anguiano said the name of the intended recipient of the man’s advice was not relayed to him by the officer on scene.”Even though the name of the “intended recipient” of the advice was unnamed, the Journal-World speculates that sophomore center Udoka Azubuike, who went 0-6 from the stripe down the stretch in a recent 85-80 loss to Oklahoma, could have been the player the fan sought to coach up.You have to love that the guy showed up in a red and blue windbreaker. Fan is short for fanatic.Here’s Bill Self discussing Azubuike’s struggles that triggered the wanna-be coach:
WINNERS! Curling mixed doubles siblings Matt and Becca Hamilton won their first match in the @Olympics Best hashtag for the games so far is #HamFam @WPTV *this is video of them practicing* @AshleighWalters @CStewartWPTV pic.twitter.com/vQWHCQqgqu— Mike Trim WPTV (@MikeTrimWPTV) February 8, 2018 NFL fans tuning into the Winter Olympics in Pyongyang, South Korea will be doing a double take when they see Team USA curling sensation Matt Hamilton take the ice to throw the stones in the mixed doubles competition.Hamilton has been described by his coach as the bad boy of curling, as he often shocks many traditionalists with Tiger Woods-style fist pumps, but he’s also a doppelganger of a younger, slimmer Andy Reid.Hamilton has the trademark ginger stache, and in a red Team USA cap and shirt, he’s a dead ringer for the Chiefs’ coach. Hamilton is actually from Wisconsin and a huge Aaron Rodgers fan. He thinks he looks more like Rodgers because of his mustache. Yeah, nice try buddy.Maybe @AaronRodgers12 can finally answer the question everyone is dying to know. Who wore it better? #stache pic.twitter.com/ORAW7ViWkE— Matt Hamilton (@MattJamilton) February 8, 2018 Advertisement So far, Hamilton and his sister Becca are 1-1 at the Olympics with a win over the Russians. We can only guess what will happen if he needs a playoff to get into the medal round.This sound from team #USA curling’s win over #OAR (Russian Athletes) will make you an instant fan. Bro/sis team of Matt and Becca Hamilton. #Hamfam.#WinterOlympics @MikeTrimWPTV @AshleighWalters @glennglazer @EmersonLotzia (Via @RODGER_SHERMAN) pic.twitter.com/mZ8W7Jcspv— Chris Stewart (@CStewartWPTV) February 8, 2018
Justin Thomas won the Honda Classic in a playoff, but he handed out another L to fan after his drive on the 16th hole, earlier on Sunday.After Thomas ripped his tee shot, a fan could be heard on the course mic cheering for the ball to find a bunker. Thomas heard the remark and identified the fan in the gallery to have him removed. Thomas added, “Enjoy your day buddy, you’re gone,” which sounds like it’s right out of the Shooter McGavin playbook.We’re all for fan etiquette, but this is pretty soft. It’s not like the guy was screaming in his backswing. Watch and decide for yourself.
5 min read October 8, 2013 Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now Disaster is a growth industry — in a good way. Dire circumstances affecting lots of people can be a crucible for the kind of problem-solving and collaboration that can yield long-term entrepreneurial opportunities. That’s because few things highlight unmet needs and important gaps more vividly than disaster.Last month when sudden, severe floods struck Boulder, Colo. and the surrounding area, many local tech startups and professionals leapt into action and started volunteering. And they continue to lend their unique skills to the long-term recovery effort.Here’s what they’re doing and how it might help their business as well as their community:1. Volunteering with tech-focused relief efforts.Volunteers install temporary Wi-Fi at at Oskar Blues Grill & Brew in Lyons, Colo.Image credit: Disaster Tech LabEvert Bopp, founder of Disaster Tech Lab, connected with several eager volunteers when he spoke recently at a biweekly gathering of Boulder’s vibrant tech startup scene. Disaster Tech Lab quickly deploys wireless “mesh networks” to provide local communications, internet access, voice-over-internet (VOIP) phone service and more in disaster-stricken areas. This can help emergency responders and traditional relief organizations work more effectively, as well as help residents connect with their families, insurance companies, and resources for help.In the first days of the Colorado floods, Bopp’s team and equipment arrived in Lyons, Colo. — a town just north of Boulder that was completely cut off when all surrounding roads were destroyed. And he needed more help in the form of volunteers.How can tech professionals and companies benefit from volunteering during disasters? Besides the sheer good of helping people in need, the tech industry particularly thrives on collaboration, innovation, experimentation and strong personal ties.The Disaster Tech Lab crew’s satellite internet connection gear set up for making Skype calls.Image credit: Disaster Tech Lab”Tech-sector folks who volunteer for disaster relief gain a clear picture of acute systemic needs and gaps,” Bopp says. “And they also see quickly which solutions really work — not just locally, but also for major relief organizations, government agencies, utilities, and even the National Guard. Those contacts can lay the groundwork for very lucrative business relationships — or for new products, services or even new companies or nonprofits.”Tech volunteering also can sharpen your business skills. “There are lots of similarities between disaster relief and launching a startup. Talk about instant bootstrapping,” Bopp observed. “Sadly, we’re only going to see more and more natural disasters. People are going to need a lot of help, so why not set up your career and business to do some real good in the world?”2. Building tools and networks for fundraising, coordination and resource sharing. When the Boulder floods hit, Tim O’Shea, a lead organizer for Boulder Startup Week, was slated to attend events for the nearby Denver Startup Week. Instead, he felt compelled to assist local flood relief efforts. He created Boulder Flood Relief, a hub to help people request help with cleaning and rebuilding, and make donations.”We pretty much had to create an instant startup to get this done, and I leveraged all my contacts in the tech community to make it happen and get the word out,” he says.Similarly, in 2010 when a devastating wildfire destroyed many homes in Fourmile Canyon just outside of Boulder, tech entrepreneur Eli Hayes teamed up with local developers to create SparkRelief, a set of mobile-friendly tools to enable resource-sharing for disaster relief. Since then, these tools have been deployed for disaster relief efforts around the world — as well as during the recent Boulder flood. Experience with helping people use technology to work together to survive crises can create a lasting focus on mission which can strengthen any entrepreneurial effort — whether for-profit or nonprofit. And it can also make a strong, positive impression on your community and potential customers.3. Gathering and sharing data to enhance disaster resilience.Disasters can be stark “teachable moments” if people pay close attention to what went wrong, and why.Boulder resident Jeff McWhirter has long been active in civic efforts to mitigate flooding and drainage problems in the southeast corner of Boulder. He’s also a software developer with experience building geoscience applications. During the recent floods he used the open-source data framework he created, Ramadda, to gather and publish local flood-related data and context.McWhirter is building a mobile application powered by Ramadda that will allow neighborhood volunteers to go door-to-door gathering specific information about basement flooding — how much flooding occurred, the source of the water, damage estimates, and more.Once compiled, this data can help residents lobby local governments for more effective stormwater management and flood mitigation measures, which might spare both the city and residents considerable expense and loss in the future.”In our neighborhood of about 400 homes, roughly two thirds were damaged by this flood. That didn’t come out of nowhere — it’s an extreme outcome of a known long-term problem,” McWhirter says. “If we want to convince the city to finally take action, we need uniform, quality data — not just spotty reports.”There’s a real demand for flexible tools to collect structured data — not just in emergencies, but for understanding all sorts of issues, McWhirter says. “So we’ll pilot test this in Boulder, because there’s nothing like eating your own dogfood when you’re building a business.” Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. Enroll Now for Free