Chinese Puzzle: New Primate Fossil Raises Eyebrows

first_imgA new fossil primate skull from China, alleged to be 55 million years old, provides “much-needed substantial evidence of early primates in Asia,” says Robert Martin (Field Museum, Chicago), reporting in the Jan. 1 issue of Nature.1  But “interpretation of the creature’s eye size and activity pattern,” he says, “will spark debate.”  (This is code for, “This find throws a monkey wrench into previous theories.”)    Martin admits immediately that “The first fossil evidence for ‘primates of modern aspect’ – the euprimates – appears abruptly in the northern continents at the beginning of the Eocene, about 55 million years ago.”  He also points to a chart that depicts “the widely accepted view that there is a basic dichotomy in the primate evolutionary tree – one lineage leading to modern lemurs and lorises (strepsirrhines), the other to tarsiers, monkeys, apes and humans (haplorhines).”    This new fossil, named Teilhardina asiatica, a kind of tarsier on the haplorhine side of the tree, casts into doubt the classification of the American genera with the Belgian and Chinese individuals.  It also creates a biogeography puzzle.  It was formerly assumed that European primates could have only reached Asia by crossing North America and then the Bering Strait, because a transcontinental marine barrier assumed to exist 55 million years ago would have prevented them migrating in the Eastern direction.  But if the American primates are not related, was there a way around the barrier after all?    Martin takes issue with the discoverers’ interpretation that eye socket size relative to skull size indicates the animals were nocturnal.  “Biologically, one cannot assume that early primates (particularly if unusually small in size) showed the same functional patterns as modern primates – which themselves are very variable,” he states.  He gives some examples of features in modern animals that show skull size and eye socket size do not necessarily correlate to behavior habits.  His remarks are summarized on the publicly-available AAAS website EurekAlert.    The primate evolution chart in Martin’s article is striking in its lack of connections.  Six lineages are shown without any obvious family relationships: lemurs and lorises (the strepsirrhines), lemuroids and tarsioids farther back in time, and then tarsiers and higher primates (the haplorhines).  The bottoms of these separate lineages are all dashed lines leading to inferred relationships unsupported by fossil evidence, with question marks at the bottom.1Robert D. Martin, “Palaeontology: Chinese lantern for early primates,” Nature 427, 22 – 23 (01 January 2004); doi:10.1038/427022a.This sounds strikingly similar to the tale about mammal evolution in Africa (12/03/2003).  The criticisms there similarly apply here.(Visited 11 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Darwin’s Fantasy Cave

first_img(Visited 480 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Paleoanthropologists’ unshakeable faith in Darwin and millions of years forces them into an absurd scenario.Once upon a time, there was a cave. And there were cavemen: three kinds. Let’s call them Denisovans, Neanderthals, and modern humans. This cave, they felt, was such a hot property, they decided to share it. And so they did – for 300,000 years.Unbelievable? That’s what paleoanthropologists are claiming this week. “Ancient-human species mingled in Siberia’s hottest property for 300,000 years,”  Ewen Callaway writes. His headline is: “Neanderthals and Denisovans both called Denisova Cave home — and Homo sapiens might have, too.”Neanderthals and Denisovans might have lived side by side for tens of thousands of years, scientists report in two papers in Nature.The long-awaited studies are based on the analysis of bones, artefacts and sediments from Denisova Cave in southern Siberia, which is dotted with ancient-human remains. They provide the first detailed history of the site’s 300,000-year occupation by different groups of ancient humans.Recorded human history only goes back about 3,500 years. With artifacts, we could stretch it more. Let’s grant evolutionists 10,000 years for known history we can discern from human activity, discounting the long ages that depend on Darwinian assumptions. This is the human history we see in writing and in buildings. In that period of time, humans went from huts to the moon. Can anyone possibly believe that fully-capable human beings like us, and their descendants, would stay in the same cave for 300,000 years? Imagine a caveman today claiming he can trace his family tree back to a caveman in Nimrod’s time, and then multiplying that by 100 times. This is the absurdity we are dealing with. Are we to believe the caveman’s ancestors never thought of a better life?Dating of hominin discoveries at Denisova (Nature). In this related article, Robin Dennell claims a “rigorous and compelling timeline” for this “ancient-human hotspot,” based on dating of human artifacts. Dennell tosses around dates covering hundreds of thousands of years for people like us, and even bluffs with dates to 4 significant figures! And yet earlier, he admitted thatanalysing ancient deposits is tricky. Layers can be disturbed by animal burrowing, subsidence or freeze–thawing cycles. Small items, such as fossil bones or stone tools, might be displaced from their original positions and not be the same age as that of the layer of deposits in which they were found.Artists have long portrayed Neanderthals as brutes.Yet trusting in the work of the researchers at Denisova Cave in Siberia, he pushes onward with the tale of Darwin’s fantasy cave. When dates conflict, storytelling comes to the rescue:Other dating techniques, such as thermoluminesence and optical stimulated luminescence, have been the main approaches used to date such remains, although each of these methods has its own drawbacks.Deposition of sediments at the site was episodic, with numerous gaps indicating periods when either there was no sedimentation or sediments were removed. There is some evidence of post-depositional disturbance, but the crucial late Middle Palaeolithic and Initial Upper Palaeolithic layers show relatively little sign of disturbance. This is the time frame that might mark the appearance at Denisova of our own species. However, when H. sapiens first appeared at the site is unknown.The one exception is for the climate approximately 150,000 years ago, when pollen from Denisova indicates vegetation characteristic of warm, humid conditions, whereas the Lake Baikal data indicate cold conditions at that time. As Jacobs and colleagues point out, this discrepancy might be because the dates obtained using optical dating techniques have wide margins of uncertainty, and climatic conditions might have been unstable.These discrepancies might indicate uncertainties in the genetically obtained age estimates, or that some fossils were redeposited from their initial site of deposit.With this kind of freedom to speculate, any story is possible.Although there might still be some uncertainty about the detailed ages of the remains — given the nature and complexity of the deposits and the dating methods used — the general picture is now clear. Deposition of sediment deposits at Denisova was episodic, but extends from MIS 9 to MIS 2, and the site was occupied by Denisovans and by Neanderthals in both cold and warm periods from approximately 200,000 to 50,000 years ago. Evolutionists themselves know this must be untenable. Given human nature, if there were any differences in skin color or features between Neanderthals and Denisovans, one would have exterminated the other or driven them out, saying, “My cave!” That any human with a full-sized brain, upright posture and ability to have controlled use of fire for cooking, make tools, art and hunting equipment would live like this for 300,000 years beggars the credibility of any rational person.Evolutionists have portrayed human ancestors in racist ways for decades: dark-skinned, naked, hunched over, stupid. This was from a Time-Life book for young children, 1968.Why, then, do they believe it? One-word answer: Darwin. They have to have millions of years to get from apes to man. What are they going to fill those years with? One-word answer: divination. Artifacts, stone tools, and bones become their relics with which to call on the spirit of Darwin to “shed light” on the upward progress from monkeys to men. The racism is evident in this worldview. Those ‘other’ human beings must have been beneath us not to have worn buckles on their shoes.Look; we make tools today that differ widely in design, from dime-store varieties to high-tech counterparts. They are are contemporaneous, not evolving. Are we supposed to lay them out on a make-believe timeline covering hundreds of thousands of years, and weave a story about how their makers evolved over all that time, progressing upward in intelligence until they finally reached the pinnacle of us, who (wow) can make paper airplanes? Oh, but it sounds so authoritative when they use jargon. It sounds so highfalutin when they appeal to “zooarchaeology by mass spectrometry (ZooMS)” or “thermoluminesence and optical stimulated luminescence” (each with its own drawbacks, Dennell admitted; some of them must have given politically incorrect dates). The target dates that the storytellers want for their timeline is set before they run their dating techniques. Any dating method will scream and cry uncle if you torture it enough. Results that don’t support the plot can be thrown out and never reported. The play must go on! Remember, these are the storytellers who keep changing the scenes every month, saying ‘Everything you know is wrong!’ The only thing that never changes is the Darwinian foundation. These are the racists who invented the “Ascent of Man” icon, now completely discredited. These are the ‘scientists’ who committed historical racism against our Neanderthal brethren (27 Jan 2019). Why do we listen to them?If you take out the requisite Darwinian foundation, the timetable appears ridiculous on its face. Do it. It’s like turning off the blacklight in a spooky theater and turning on the house lights—you go, ‘What? Is that all I’m looking at? It’s fake!’ No self-respecting member of Homo is going to pass on his communal cave to 30,000 generations and condemn them to the same lifestyle. What a stupid story! We know human nature. People are restless; they want a better life, if not for themselves, for their children. Claiming they couldn’t change habits or do better than live in a cave for hundreds of thousands of years because they were too dumb is inherently racist. It’s going to take an uproar from people outside the ivory tower to shame these Darwinites. Don’t let them play blind man’s bluff on you; take the blindfold off and turn the lights on.last_img read more

Mandela and Gandhi on the Hill

first_imgTwo videos And in August 1962, he spent a few weeks in the Old Fort hospital. He wasn’t ill, but he was kept there because of his status, and possibly because it was believed that he could more easily escape from No 4 jail on the hill, where all black male prisoners were kept. Mandela is quoted on the walls of the exhibition as saying: “The spirit of Gandhi may well be a key to human survival in the 21st century.” The exhibition focuses on the years he spent in Johannesburg, from 1902 until 1914, when he left South Africa at the age of 46. During this time, he was transformed from a shy lawyer into an extraordinary leader of international stature. As soon as the visitors left, the long trousers were exchanged for short ones, and the men were given hammers again, to sit and crush rocks mindlessly. Having this exhibition at the Old Fort on Constitution Hill, Johannesburg is significant. Mandela spent two weeks in the Awaiting Trial Block on the hill, now demolished, in December 1956, before being transferred to Pretoria, for the remainder of the lengthy Treason Trial. The room in the Old Fort that was used as the hospital is about the size of two small garages alongside one another. It has tall ceilings – almost four metres high – and a row of covered windows along its southern wall. Its wooden floor is well worn; its grey, patchy walls have not been painted for many years. Gandhi formulated and refined his Satyagraha or passive resistance philosophy while living and working in Joburg. The other video, from December 2003, shows Mandela arriving at the newly built Constitutional Court, built below the Old Fort, and being welcomed by the then chief justice of the court, Arthur Chaskalson. He is asked to sign a copy of the Bill of Rights, and is told about the signing of the three words, “Freedom, dignity and equality”, by the judges in concrete above the court door. He is given a gift of a brick from the demolished Awaiting Trial Block, where he spent time. But Mandela dispelled all speculation about a possible escape. “To reach it one had to pass through two impregnable walls, each with armed guards; and once inside, four massive gates had to be unlocked before one even reached the area where I was kept,” he writes. “There was speculation in the press that the movement was going to attempt to rescue me, and the authorities were doing their utmost to prevent it.” “While the hospital was indeed comfortable – I was able to sleep in a proper bed, something I had never done before in prison – the real reason for his [Colonel Minnaar] generosity was that the hospital was the safest place to keep me,” recounts Mandela in Long Walk to Freedom. Two great 20th century fighters for the rights of the oppressed – a good reason to visit Constitution Hill. At first Mandela is not visible – he was apparently hiding behind a bush – but then the camera zooms in on him. He stands impassively, his lips tight and unsmiling, staring ahead, bursting with anger. Two permanent exhibitions at Constitution Hill focus on the lives of two of the greatest souls in the world – Nelson Mandela and Mahatma Gandhi – both of whom called Johannesburg home. Large folio books meticulously record every letter written by and sent to Mandela. One of his letters, dated October 1989, just a few months before he was released, is displayed. It is written to his grandchild, and he signed it: “A million kisses and tons and tons of love, Grandpa.” In a postscript he says he should have used “Darling” in the salutation instead of “Dear”, saying he only thought of this when he was signing off the letter.center_img Gandhi said of his experiences in South Africa: “Truly speaking, it was after I went to South Africa that I became what I am now. My love for South Africa and my concern for her problems are no less than for India.” Source: City of Johannesburg Mandela is wearing long khaki trousers and a shirt, with a small hat on his head. The issue of long versus short trousers was a cause of conflict between prisoners and prison authorities. Mature men like Mandela and others were at first given short trousers to wear, in an effort to humiliate them. Mandela fought this ruling vehemently and eventually won. The hospital and letters Gandhi exhibition Constitution Hill has another permanent exhibition visitors can take in. The exhibition, entitled “Gandhi: prisoner of conscience”, opened in October 2006, off the courtyard of No 4 prison, in the former visitors’ centre. The exhibition details the experiences that shaped his development by means of photographs, quotes, artefacts and audio material. Gandhi’s transformation is symbolised in the changes in his attire – from a besuited lawyer to rough prison garb to a simple cotton tunic on his departure for India in 1914. 26 February 2009 Pictures of Mandela’s cell on Robben Island are displayed, showing a neat and orderly space, with bookshelves, a desk and a bed. The famous National Geographic photograph of the naked, smiling Andamanese woman is on display at the exhibition. It had been framed for him by his fellow inmates, in particular Mac Maharaj, using carefully cut pieces of cardboard as a makeshift frame. On his release, National Geographic sent Mandela a copy of the original photograph. A stack of wooden boxes is a small sample of the 76 boxes that were used to hold the 76 000 pieces of correspondence between Mandela and the prison authorities. He frequently wrote letters on behalf of his fellow inmates protesting against the petty regulations of disallowing books to study, or complained about the quality of the food. One letter of complaint runs to 25 pages. Some of the letters were written in Afrikaans, an effort to appeal to the prison bosses whose mother tongue was Afrikaans. Spend an hour at the Nelson Mandela exhibition in the Old Fort, and come away with a small peep into the icon’s soul. Two videos run constantly. The first one, filmed in April 1977, some 13 years into Mandela’s life sentence on Robben Island, records an official visit in which the prison authorities invited the foreign press to visit the island, to see for themselves the conditions under which the prisoners were being held. It records several prisoners with spades, clearing weeds from a gravel path. In October 1962, he was sentenced to five years on Robben Island for inciting workers to strike, and for leaving the country without a passport. He had been on the run for 17 months as the Black Pimpernel, and had been arrested earlier in 1962 near Howick in KwaZulu-Natal. In 1964, he was sentenced to life imprisonment on Robben Island in the Rivonia Trial. He was released in February 1990.last_img read more

RESPECT BETWEEN ALL INVOLVED IN TOUCH

first_imgSeveral recent incidents at different levels of Touch around Australia have lead the ATA to remind the Touch public of the respect that must be there between all involved in the sport. Poor behaviour, abuse of players, referees or administration is not constructive, nor does it portray a positive image of our sport to children and to the general public. In one recent case Penrith Touch have banned a player from all Touch activities for 15 years after he physically assaulted a referee. For the full story please click here: http://smh.com.au/articles/2005/06/11/1118347633545.html In another case NSW Touch highlighted that poor off-field behaviour would not be accepted, suspending the players involved from various events, including the upcoming Vawdon Cup. The ATA would like to make it clear that Touch associations Australia-wide will be continually working to maintain a very high level of integrity and behaviour within our sport. Poor behaviour, abuse and so forth will not be tolerated.last_img read more

X-Blades Genius boots now available!

first_imgX-Blades new Genius Touch Football Boot Range is now available. Place your order now and get free shipping and a free boot bag with your purchase!If you are about to start a thrilling season of Touch Football and need some new boots, check out the great offer from X-Blades.For further details, please click on the link or flyer below:http://www.bladesfootball.com.au/shop/Related Filesgenius-flyer-available-reduced-jpgRelated LinksX-Blades Offerlast_img

12 days agoSouthampton academy chief Hale happy with Bycroft, Slattery England calls

first_imgSouthampton academy chief Hale happy with Bycroft, Slattery England callsby Paul Vegas12 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveSouthampton academy manager Matt Hale is delighted seeing Jack Bycroft involved with England Under-19s.Callum Slattery is also with England Under-20s this week.Hale told the club’s website: “Callum has shown a great attitude this season. We know what he’s capable of. He’s had that opportunity with the first team and I’m sure that will come around again soon, as his performances continue.“I’m delighted for him to be recognised again by the England setup, which is testament to that attitude and how he’s applied himself.“Jack’s done tremendously well. We’ve felt for some time that he was at that level, and finally he’s got that recognition and been rewarded for his hard work and the continuous development he’s shown.“He’s trained a lot with the first team and the first-team goalkeeping staff. He’s had some fantastic performances – both in our Under-18s last year and this year in the Under-23s. We’re delighted for Jack.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

9 days agoEx-Liverpool defender Enrique: Man Utd clash always biggest

first_imgEx-Liverpool defender Enrique: Man Utd clash always biggestby Paul Vegas9 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveFormer Liverpool defender Jose Enrique insists facing Manchester United is always the biggest game of the season.Liverpool sit top of the Premier League and United in 12th. But Enrique told Sky Sports: “It is and it still is even if United is not doing as well now.“For the players, for the fans, it is still the biggest game. Even Liverpool’s rivalry with City, even with the way they are doing… The rivalry between United and Liverpool is different.“The preparation is the same. The only thing when you play this game is in your mind you are more nervous than other games – that is obvious.“It’s another game, it’s three points more, but for the fans and the players it means more. So if you win it, you have a good night after the game!” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Education Minister Says Sector Must Respond to Needs of Industry

first_img The Minister was speaking at the Management Institute for National Development (MIND) Regional Leadership Development Conference for public sector leaders, at the Pegasus Hotel, on July 19. The Minister added that a leader should be willing to be adaptive, while at the same time be committed to fair play. Minister of Education, Youth and Information, Senator the Hon. Ruel Reid, says the education sector has been undergoing a transformation process to make it more practical, relevant and flexible in response to the critical needs of industry.“It is imperative that leaders in the public education system keep themselves updated on the new directions in education and training across the globe, and are themselves flexible enough to be change agents and are committed to enabling those they supervise and manage to be integral in the process,” he said.The Minister was speaking at the Management Institute for National Development (MIND) Regional Leadership Development Conference for public sector leaders, at the Pegasus Hotel, on July 19.Senator Reid noted that in the past decade, almost every institution or firm has had to transform how they are organised and operate, taking into account the speed and content of information flow.He argued that within such scenarios, an adaptive leader must be sensitive to reading the signals from below and be prepared to act on them within reasonable time.“The education sector has multiple layers of interests and thousands of stakeholders. Its leaders at various levels have to communicate their vision and their expectation, as well as national and institutional policies and seek to get others to support them. It is a big challenge,” Senator Reid said.The Minister added that a leader should be willing to be adaptive, while at the same time be committed to fair play.“Everyone should know the principles that guide decisions and be aware of institutional policy. Not everyone will support a decision, but there should be no confusion about how that decision was reached,” Mr. Reid said.He emphasised that a leader must operate with integrity and credibility, noting that failure in this area undermines everything else.He also noted that a leader must be willing to be retrained and must be committed to capacity building and “helping the team to develop on individual strengths for the greater good of the organisation.”The two-day conference is being held under the theme: ‘Adaptive Public Sector Leadership, Changing MINDsets, Challenging Assumptions, Creating Transformation’. Story Highlights Minister of Education, Youth and Information, Senator the Hon. Ruel Reid, says the education sector has been undergoing a transformation process to make it more practical, relevant and flexible in response to the critical needs of industry.last_img read more

JAMPRO to Publish Guide for Filming in Jamaica

first_img Speaking with JIS News, Film Commissioner at JAMPRO, Renée Robinson, said the comprehensive guide will be free of cost and available in hard copies or as a PDF document on the JAMPRO websites at: www.tradeandinvestjamaica.org or www.filmjamaica.com. Jamaica Promotions Corporation (JAMPRO) is working on a national publication to be used as a guide for filming in Jamaica. Story Highlightslast_img

Western Stevedoring Buys Grieg Stars BreakBulk Terminal

first_imgzoomImage Courtesy: Grieg Star Norway-based shipping company Grieg Star AS has sold Squamish Terminals, a major break-bulk terminal, to Western Stevedoring Company Limited.Effective May 10, 2018, Western Stevedoring owns 100 percent of Squamish Terminals, situated at the north end of Howe Sound in the District of Squamish, British Columbia.“Grieg Star has been the owner of Squamish Terminals for almost half a century… We are proud of what has been achieved over these years, but now is the right time for the terminal to continue under new ownership,” Rune Birkeland, Squamish Terminals Chair, said.“Western Stevedoring has the right focus and expertise to further strengthen the terminal, and we are confident it is in the right hands going forward,” Birkeland added.Squamish Terminals, established in 1972, is a deep-water, break-bulk terminal located 32 nautical miles north of the Port of Vancouver. With 60 acres, two berths and three warehouses, Squamish Terminals handles forestry products, steel and project cargoes.last_img read more