Top StoriesSC Issues Notice On Plea Challenging NGT Order Directing Removal of Encroachments in ‘Forest Like Areas’ Of Maharashtra Without Ministry’s Approval Srishti Ojha8 Feb 2021 4:57 AMShare This – xSupreme Court has on Monday issued notice in the plea filed challenging order of the National Green Tribunal directing the Collector and Forest Department to straightaway remove encroachments found in ‘forest alike areas’ in Mahabaleshwar and Panchgani Region Maharashtra with no approval of The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. A division Bench of Justice Nageswara…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginSupreme Court has on Monday issued notice in the plea filed challenging order of the National Green Tribunal directing the Collector and Forest Department to straightaway remove encroachments found in ‘forest alike areas’ in Mahabaleshwar and Panchgani Region Maharashtra with no approval of The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. A division Bench of Justice Nageswara Rao and Ravindra Bhat has also directed that no coercive action is to be taken against petitioner. During the hearing today, Senior Adv Devadatt Kamat appearing on behalf of the petitioner submitted that despite a report stating that there is an overlap between village land and forest land, the Tribunal did not consider and directed that the encroachments be removed with no prior approval. “We have been in possession from many years. We made representation to the Chief Conservator pursuant to the notice issued to us. NGT says government will do the verification and we will be thrown off? Principles of natural justice have to be followed.” Kamat added. “Who is authorised to remove encroachment? It must be the Collector. We will say they will issue notice and hear you before the removal. Were you a party before the Tribunal?” – the Bench asked. Mr. Kamat informed the Court that they were not even heard before the Tribunal. He added that the issue of overlap needs to be decided by the government after hearing the petitioners. The present appeal has been filed challenging the order dated 27th October 2020 passed by National Green Principal Bench, New Delhi where NGT while considering the issue of non-forest development activities in the ‘forest alike areas’ in Mahabaleshwar and Panchgani Region in Maharashtra and directing for completion of the verification process of such areas by the authorities held that in respect of such areas as are found to be encroached in violation of the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, the Collector, Satara and the Forest Department may straightaway proceed to remove the encroachments for which no approval of MoEF&CC will be required, even if such area is part of the ESZ. According to the petitioners, the order directing authorities to straightaway proceed to remove the encroachments with no prior approval is contrary to the most basic notions of natural justice as the petitioner and such other similarly situated agriculturalists will be deprived of their rightful possession of their lands in noncompliance of procedure established by law. The plea has made note of the NGT’s order dated 13th March 2019 directing constitution of a Joint Committee comprising of representatives of Chief Conservator of Forest, Kolhapur and Divisional Commissioner, Pune to examine the aspect of which area is covered by the expression ‘forest’ in the light of the Supreme Court’s judgement in the case of T.N.Godavarman Thirumalpad Vs. Union of India & Ors. On 27th October 2020, NGT issued the impugned order, holding that no further procedure remained to be followed except verification. directing that the verification process be completed by 31st January 2021. The areas found to be encroached upon in violation of the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, the Collector, Satara were directed to be removed by the Forest Department with no requirement of the Ministry’s approval even if such area is part of the ESZ. According to the petitioner, the NGT’s order is contrary to the principles of natural justice in so far as it allows the Collector and the Forest Department to carry out removal of encroachment without providing an opportunity to the individual stakeholder and plot-owner of being heard. It is contrary to the principles of “audi alteram partem” in so far as it authorises the demolition in the area subsequent to identification and verification without leaving any opportunity to the individual stakeholder and plot-owner of presenting their case. The plea has contended that NGT’s order in so far as it empowers the demolition by the Collector, Satara and the Forest Department without prior approval by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change even in the ESZ is contrary to law and unsustainable. The judgment has been passed without considering the law laid down by the Apex Court in the case of Hanuman Laxman Aroskar and Ors. vs. Union of India (UOI) and Ors. (2019) where the Court while considering the significance of decision making on merits as per the jurisdiction vested in the NGT held that the failure to consider materials on a vital issue and indeed the non-consideration of vital issues raises a substantial question of law leading to the invoking of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court Under Section 22 of the NGT Act. The plea further alleged that the National Green Tribunal did not appreciate that as per the report of the Chief Conservator of Forest, it was stated that noted that Government notified gaothans (Village sites) overlap the forest alike areas and thus it was found necessary to revisit the survey carried out by the Land Record Department. Without considering the aid submission that re-survey of the area was required, NGT proceeded to direct removal of encroachment straightaway subsequent to verification. The present petition has been filed by Advocate Pai Amit on behalf of the petitioners. Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
Using a real-time imaging system, scientists have tracked a group of near-infrared fluorescent nanoparticles from the airspaces of the lungs into the body and out again, providing a description of the characteristics and behavior of the particles that could be used in developing therapeutic agents to treat pulmonary disease. The findings could also offer a greater understanding of the health effects of air pollution.Led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) and the Harvard School of Public Health, the findings are described in the Nov. 7 advance online issue of the journal Nature Biotechnology.At a scale of 1 to 100 nanometers (nm) — one-billionth of a meter — nanoparticles are too small to be visible through a traditional microscope. But this extremely small scale makes them potential candidates for targeted drug delivery, capable of precisely pinpointing disease sources with increased efficiency and minimal side effects to surrounding tissues.“Nanoparticles hold promise as therapeutic agents for a number of diseases,” says co-senior author John V. Frangioni of the Division of Hematology/Oncology at BIDMC and associate professor of medicine and of radiology at Harvard Medical School (HMS), whose laboratory specializes in the development of imaging systems and of contrast agent development for molecular imaging. The anatomy of the lung, with its large surface area and minimal barriers limiting access to the body, makes it a good target for nanoparticle drug delivery.“We have been interested in the fate of small particles after they deposit deep in the gas-exchange region of the lung,” says co-senior author Akira Tsuda, a research scientist in the Molecular and Integrative Physiological Sciences Program in the Department of Environmental Health at the Harvard School of Public Health. “Determining the physiochemical characteristics of inhaled nanoparticles on their ability to cross the [lungs’] alveolar epithelial surface is an important step in understanding the biological effects associated with exposure to these particles.”Previous work by Frangioni and first author Hak Soo Choi, an instructor in medicine at HMS, had established the characteristics of nanoparticles that regulate clearance from the body. “To be of value clinically, nanoparticles must be able to either biodegrade into biologically inert compounds, or be efficiently cleared from the body,” says Choi, explaining that accumulation of nanoparticles can be toxic.The aim of this new study was to determine the characteristics and parameters of inhaled nanoparticles that mediate their uptake into the body — from the external environment, across the alveolar lung surface and into the lymphatic system and blood stream and eventually to other organs. To do this, the scientists made use of the fluorescence-assisted resection and exploration (FLARE) imaging system, systematically varying the chemical composition, size, shape, and surface charge of a group of near-infrared fluorescent nanoparticles to compare the physiochemical properties of the various engineered particles. The investigators then tracked the movement of the varying nanoparticles in the lungs of rat models over a period of an hour, and also verified results using conventional radioactive tracers.“The FLARE system enabled us to cut the number of experiments in half while performing direct comparisons of nanoparticles of different sizes, shapes, and rigidities,” says Frangioni, whose laboratory developed the FLARE system for use in image-guided cancer surgery as well as other applications.The results established that nonpositively charged nanoparticles, smaller than 34 nm in diameter, appeared in the lung-draining lymph nodes within 30 minutes. They also found that nanoparticles smaller than 6 nm in diameter with “zwitterionic” characteristics (equal positive and negative charge) traveled to the draining lymph nodes within just a few minutes, subsequently being cleared by the kidneys into urine.“These new findings can be applied to design and optimize particles for drug delivery by inhalation therapy,” notes Tsuda. “This research also guides us in the assessment of the health effects of various particulate pollutants, as the data suggest the importance of distinguishing specific subclasses of particles [based on surface chemistry and size] that can rapidly cross the alveolar epithelium and may disseminate in the body.”Adds Frangioni, “This study complements our earlier work in which we defined the characteristics of nanoparticles that regulate efficient clearance from the body. With these new findings, which define the characteristics that regulate uptake into the body, we’ve now described a complete ‘cycle’ of nanoparticle trafficking — from the environment, through the lungs, into the body, then out of the kidneys in urine and back to the environment.”The work was supported, in part, by grants from the National Institutes of Health.
In a statement on Friday, Pimentelstressed, “We are in an entirely new environment where everything is in a stateof flux. I believe even the so-called protocols have changed over time.Everything will be clarified in due time.” MANILA – Sen. Aquilino “Koko” PimentelIII is ready to answer charges for his supposed breach of quarantine protocols. “Alammo, bagong kasal ‘yan at may anak siyang Caesarean ang mangyayari,” he added. “Ang daming taong umiikot na mayroongganiyan, hindi lang ho senador. Pero dapat talaga nagbigay siya ng magandanghalimbawa.”/PN Meanwhile, Sen. Richard Gordonappealed for public understanding on Pimentel’s actions, saying there were farmore important things to talk about with this situation. Sen. Aquilino “Koko” Pimentel III “I will respond in due time after weread the allegations and compare them with what is in the law,” according toPimentel who was tested positive for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Makati Medical Center denounced thelawmaker’s “reckless” action. Department of Health secretary Francisco DuqueIII also agreed that Pimentel broke home quarantine protocols. Pimentel came under fire for going tothe hospital on Tuesday night where his pregnant wife was scheduled to givebirth. But he said he immediately left after getting a call from the ResearchInstitute for Tropical Medicine regarding his positive result. “Kilalako si Koko. Matinong tao ‘yan, hindi salbahe, hindi nang-aabuso. Huwag naman natingpagpiyestahan,” Gordon said in an interview with DZBB. “Now is not the timena magsisihan tayo. I think nag-apologize na ‘yung tao.” Private lawyer Rico Quicho has said heis looking into possible criminal, civil and administrative charges against thesenator for violating the home quarantine protocol and unduly exposing theMakati Medical Center hospital staff to possible infection after accompanyinghis pregnant wife to the hospital.
Boeheim garnered a gold medal in each of his three Olympics as a Team USA assistant coach under Mike Krzyzewski, the Duke head coach who navigated USA’s national team to a 96-66 gold-medal win on Sunday against Serbia. Krzyzewski tabbed Boeheim as an assistant coach before the 2008 Summer Olympics, and the duo paired up to help lead Team USA to a perfect 24-0 record through three Olympic circuits. Boeheim’s national coaching career also featured FIBA World Championships in 2010 and 2014.Krzyzewski will be replaced by San Antonio Spurs head coach Gregg Popovich at the helm of Team USA for the 2020 Summer Olympics. Boeheim and Krzyzewski will next reunite when SU and Duke square off in the Carrier Dome during the 2016-17 season.AdvertisementThis is placeholder text Comments Published on August 23, 2016 at 2:55 pm Contact Connor: [email protected] | @connorgrossman The 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro may not have been the last for Jim Boeheim as a coach for the USA national team. The 40-year Syracuse head coach held a press conference on Tuesday and discussed Carmelo Anthony, the 2016 Summer Olympics and his future as a coach with the USA Basketball team.“You never know,” Boeheim said of coaching at the Olympics in the future. “… It’s too early to think about any of that.” Facebook Twitter Google+
At Harbor Interfaith Services, a San Pedro social services agency for the homeless and working poor, 14,000 people received food, shelter or other services offered, said Caroline Brady-Sinco, the group’s director of development. “Especially with the holidays coming up, every year we register families that don’t have enough money to put a holiday meal on the table, and every year the number of families just grows and grows and grows,” she said. “Minimum-wage jobs are just not enough to survive, especially if you have children.” The minimum pay needs outlined in the study are based on full-time employment for 40 hours a week, 52 weeks per year. There is no allowance for unpaid days off during a year. The report assumes that families have two children each. Other findings in the report include: Part-time workers or those working only part of the year need to earn a higher hourly wage to make up the difference. A two-parent family with only one parent working can live on less than a single-parent family or a two-parent family with both as wage earners, since one parent can stay home with the children. The basic family budgets assume that families use home-based child care, rather than more expensive center-based care. The report’s calculations also assume that families rent rather than own a home, and live in housing that “many would consider overcrowded for a three- or four-person household.” The report assumes families buy private individual health coverage rather than receive health insurance from an employer. Saving for later is excluded from the report’s calculations. “These estimates allow very little to no room for savings toward retirement or a child’s college education,” the report says. Families that fall short of the report’s minimum income levels can still get by. They might use friends or family for child care, receive health insurance from an employer, use public or private handouts or dip into their personal credit, the report says. Economist Jack Kyser acknowledged that California’s cost of living makes life difficult for minimum- wage workers. Yet Kyser cautioned against assuming that raising the minimum wage would solve the problem. “You don’t have a massive job loss if you raise the minimum wage. But over a period of time, business may start to look at ways to maybe reduce their reliance on minimum-wage workers,” said Kyser, chief economist at the Los Angeles County Economic Development Corp. “If you increase (the minimum wage) by two to three times, then, literally, minimum-wage workers would be competing with more skilled workers. So you have to be careful because not only would you be hurting the people who earn minimum wage, but you’d be hurting the businesses, too.” Kyser suggested that gaining more education and skills can help such workers raise their standard of living while also filling a need in the economy. The report’s stated goal is to inform public policies that promote financial self-sufficiency by “boosting incomes or by providing help with access to necessities, such as child care and health coverage.” The report also suggests that more funding can go into training and economic development to help minimum-wage employers gain higher-paying jobs.”We hope our basic family budgets provide a benchmark that policymakers, politicians and researchers can use to assess whether our public policies are appropriate to serve our working families,” Ross said.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREGame Center: Chargers at Kansas City Chiefs, Sunday, 10 a.m.That would translate to $74,044 a year in income. “It does point to the fact that even if you put in your 40 hours a week, 52 weeks a year, there still is a significant gap between what people make and what they need,” said Jean Ross, executive director of the California Budget Project. The study, by the independent public policy center, also demonstrates the inadequacy of the federal poverty line when applied to California’s high cost of living, Ross said. Of the four household types noted in the study, a single parent raising two children faced the highest hourly wage need of $30 in Los Angeles County. That’s exactly four times the minimum wage. California’s minimum wage is $7.50. The 2006 wage median is $17.42, the midpoint where half of wages were higher and half lower. A couple supporting its family on minimum-wage jobs might be able to pay for rent, food and perhaps clothing. But what about child care and transportation for the four-person family? Add the need for health care, and that family might be unable to sustain itself. L.A. County families must earn two to four times the minimum wage just to make ends meet, says a study to be released today by the California Budget Project. Each parent in a family of four must make $17.80 an hour working a 40-hour job to “earn the basic family budget,” according to the study titled “Making Ends Meet: How Much Does It Cost to Raise a Family in California?”
Richard Langley gives his reaction to QPR’s 1-0 win against Sunderland at Loftus Road.The former Rangers midfielder says he hopes to see Adel Taarabt stay at the club and play a leading role this season.See also:Austin’s goal gives QPR deserved victoryQPR v Sunderland player ratingsFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
8 December 2003When President Thabo Mbeki handed out the newly conceived Order of Ikhamanga – South Africa’s highest honour for achievement in the creative and performing arts and sport – in Pretoria last week, 11 South African sportsmen and women were honoured for a range of achievements under a variety of circumstances.Two orders in the bronze class were awarded, seven in the silver class, and two in the gold class – to South Africa’s sportsman of the twentieth century, golf legend Gary Player, and to 1950s soccer superstar Steve “Kalamazoo” Mokone.Gary PlayerPlayer was a shoo-in for gold. A nine-time major victor, as well as the winner of 163 tournaments all around the world – 63 more than the great Jack Nicklaus – South Africa’s sportsman of the twentieth century has been a fine role model for all South Africans throughout his storied career.Player has also proved himself a champion away from the golf courses of the world by championing the causes of those who have not enjoyed the opportunities he has been afforded in life.Player is in golf’s Hall of Fame, and apart from his amazing career will also be remembered for a saying that has become one of the most famous in the sport: “The more I practice, the luckier I get.”Steve ‘Kalamazoo’ MokoneRated by many as South Africa’s finest footballer ever, Steve “Kalamazoo” Mokone made his name overseas in the late 1950s and early 1960s, playing most of his soccer for Heracles in the Netherlands, and for Torino in Italy.His incredible skills, learnt as a youngster juggling a tennis ball, earned him widespread praise in Europe, with one Italian journalist writing: “If Pele of Brazil is the Rolls-Royce of soccer players, Stanley Matthews of England the Mercedes-Benz and Alfredo di Stefano of Argentina and Spain the Cadillac of soccer players, then Kala of South Africa, lithe and lean, is surely the Maserati.”During his time in Europe he helped Heracles to win the Dutch League and he was also very successful with Torino, where on debut he scored all five goals in a five-two win over Verona.Hestrie CloeteTwo-time world high jump champion Hestrie Cloete became a member of the order in the silver class.Her performances in 2003 were phenomenal, and included the world title in Paris and an astonishing nine clearances of two metres or higher. Those jumps included a career-best 2.06m to win the world title, equalling the third best height of all time. She also won the IAAF Grand Prix for women, awarded to the top athlete on the circuit.Basil D’OlivieraBasil D’Oliviera was another recipient in the silver class. Affectionately known as “Dolly”, he was forced to go abroad to follow a sporting career. It was at the relatively advanced age of 34 that he made his Test debut for England. Yet he managed to become one of England’s most consistent performers for the next seven years, finally retiring at the age of 41.It was the “D’Olivieira affair” – when England’s tour of South Africa in 1968/69 was called off because then South African Prime Minister JB Vorster declared the England team “the team of the anti-apartheid movement” – that led to South Africa’s suspension from international cricket. It was the first solid step towards normalising the sport in the country.Penny HeynsSwimmer Penny Heyns also picked up a silver award. She made it big in 1996 at the Atlanta Olympic Games, when she won South Africa’s first gold medals since the country’s readmission to the Games after a ban that lasted 32 years. Heyns captured gold in both the 100 and 200 metres backstroke and went on to dominate her specialist events for a number of years.Her 100 metres winning time in Atlanta was a world record, while her 200 time was an Olympic record.Heyns also had a purple patch in mid-1999 that captured headlines all over the world. She seemed to break a world record every time she took to the water and when he career was over she had set 14 world records, eight of them coming in that amazing span in 1999.Heyns was not only a star in the pool; her religious manner and gracious ways captured the hearts of the nation.Stars under apartheidAmong the sports men and women to receive the Order of Ikhamanga were some of the pioneers of non-racial sport in South Africa. Beside Mokone and D’Oliviera, these were boxer Jacob Ntuli (silver), cricket and rugby player Eric Majola (silver), middle distance athlete Sydney Maree (silver), and cricket and rugby player Goolam Abed (bronze).Jacob Ntuli was the first black South African boxer to receive world acclaim – at a time when black boxers were severely restricted in South Africa. He became the first black South African to win an Empire championship (the forerunner to the Commonwealth title) in 1952, effectively making him one of the best two or three flyweights of his time, an achievement confirmed when the influential Ring Magazine named him the top flyweight in the game.Eric Majola excelled in cricket and rugby, making his name in the Eastern Province in the early 1950s. He represented the national African team in both sports, but because of South Africa’s apartheid policy at that time was never afforded the chance to shine on the world stage.Athlete Sydney Maree made his mark overseas. However, before he left South Africa’s shores, he recorded a sub-four minute mile as a schoolboy, in a time second only to Jim Ryan’s all-time schoolboy mark of 3:56. Then, while in the United States, he became one of the world’s dominant middle distance athletes.Maree set a world record in the 1 500 metres, going on to break the 3:30 barrier in the event with a time of 3:29.77. In 1984 he was chosen to represent the USA in the Los Angeles Olympics, but an injury just two weeks before the Games kept him out of action. In 1991 Maree became the first black athlete to be named South Africa’s athlete of the year.Goolam Abed, who excelled in both rugby and cricket, found himself on the outside looking in because he was a man of colour in apartheid South Africa. He represented the South African “Coloureds” team in both rugby and cricket, and went on to play rugby league with Bradford Northerns in the United Kingdom. He was also a professional cricketer with Rochdale.The final silver award winner was wheelchair athlete Zanele Situ, who made her mark in the Sydney Paralympics in 2000 when she won the javelin with a world record throw, and also captured the silver in discus, so becoming the first black South African female athlete to win gold at the Paralympics.The Boksburg BomberHeavyweight boxer Gerrie Coetzee became a member of the order in the bronze class. Known as “the Boksburg Bomber”, Coetzee enjoyed a 15-year professional career during which he won the WBA heavyweight title – at a time when there were only two organisations that decided on world champions, unlike today’s alphabet soup of organisations.Coetzee was unbeaten in 22 career fights, including a first-round demolition of Leon Spinks, when he met “Big” John Tate for the WBA world title in 1978. He lost for the first time over 15 rounds. In 1980 the WBA gave Coetzee a shot at Mike Weaver, but this time he went down in 13 to the American.Then, in September 1983, he won another shot at the WBA crown, against Michael Dokes, at that time expected to be a top-class champion. Coetzee turned in an inspired performance, knocking Dokes out in the 10th round.Unfortunately for Coetzee, he lost next time out against Greg Page at Sun City, and was never again given the opportunity to challenge for the world title.Handing out the awards, Mbeki said that the 11 sportsmen and women had all contributed “to the pride we as a nation feel in our achievements that celebrate our inner African and human soul”. Their achievements, Mbeki said, were representative of the country’s “wealth of human imagination and talent”.SouthAfrica.info reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
Two videos And in August 1962, he spent a few weeks in the Old Fort hospital. He wasn’t ill, but he was kept there because of his status, and possibly because it was believed that he could more easily escape from No 4 jail on the hill, where all black male prisoners were kept. Mandela is quoted on the walls of the exhibition as saying: “The spirit of Gandhi may well be a key to human survival in the 21st century.” The exhibition focuses on the years he spent in Johannesburg, from 1902 until 1914, when he left South Africa at the age of 46. During this time, he was transformed from a shy lawyer into an extraordinary leader of international stature. As soon as the visitors left, the long trousers were exchanged for short ones, and the men were given hammers again, to sit and crush rocks mindlessly. Having this exhibition at the Old Fort on Constitution Hill, Johannesburg is significant. Mandela spent two weeks in the Awaiting Trial Block on the hill, now demolished, in December 1956, before being transferred to Pretoria, for the remainder of the lengthy Treason Trial. The room in the Old Fort that was used as the hospital is about the size of two small garages alongside one another. It has tall ceilings – almost four metres high – and a row of covered windows along its southern wall. Its wooden floor is well worn; its grey, patchy walls have not been painted for many years. Gandhi formulated and refined his Satyagraha or passive resistance philosophy while living and working in Joburg. The other video, from December 2003, shows Mandela arriving at the newly built Constitutional Court, built below the Old Fort, and being welcomed by the then chief justice of the court, Arthur Chaskalson. He is asked to sign a copy of the Bill of Rights, and is told about the signing of the three words, “Freedom, dignity and equality”, by the judges in concrete above the court door. He is given a gift of a brick from the demolished Awaiting Trial Block, where he spent time. But Mandela dispelled all speculation about a possible escape. “To reach it one had to pass through two impregnable walls, each with armed guards; and once inside, four massive gates had to be unlocked before one even reached the area where I was kept,” he writes. “There was speculation in the press that the movement was going to attempt to rescue me, and the authorities were doing their utmost to prevent it.” “While the hospital was indeed comfortable – I was able to sleep in a proper bed, something I had never done before in prison – the real reason for his [Colonel Minnaar] generosity was that the hospital was the safest place to keep me,” recounts Mandela in Long Walk to Freedom. Two great 20th century fighters for the rights of the oppressed – a good reason to visit Constitution Hill. At first Mandela is not visible – he was apparently hiding behind a bush – but then the camera zooms in on him. He stands impassively, his lips tight and unsmiling, staring ahead, bursting with anger. Two permanent exhibitions at Constitution Hill focus on the lives of two of the greatest souls in the world – Nelson Mandela and Mahatma Gandhi – both of whom called Johannesburg home. Large folio books meticulously record every letter written by and sent to Mandela. One of his letters, dated October 1989, just a few months before he was released, is displayed. It is written to his grandchild, and he signed it: “A million kisses and tons and tons of love, Grandpa.” In a postscript he says he should have used “Darling” in the salutation instead of “Dear”, saying he only thought of this when he was signing off the letter. Gandhi said of his experiences in South Africa: “Truly speaking, it was after I went to South Africa that I became what I am now. My love for South Africa and my concern for her problems are no less than for India.” Source: City of Johannesburg Mandela is wearing long khaki trousers and a shirt, with a small hat on his head. The issue of long versus short trousers was a cause of conflict between prisoners and prison authorities. Mature men like Mandela and others were at first given short trousers to wear, in an effort to humiliate them. Mandela fought this ruling vehemently and eventually won. The hospital and letters Gandhi exhibition Constitution Hill has another permanent exhibition visitors can take in. The exhibition, entitled “Gandhi: prisoner of conscience”, opened in October 2006, off the courtyard of No 4 prison, in the former visitors’ centre. The exhibition details the experiences that shaped his development by means of photographs, quotes, artefacts and audio material. Gandhi’s transformation is symbolised in the changes in his attire – from a besuited lawyer to rough prison garb to a simple cotton tunic on his departure for India in 1914. 26 February 2009 Pictures of Mandela’s cell on Robben Island are displayed, showing a neat and orderly space, with bookshelves, a desk and a bed. The famous National Geographic photograph of the naked, smiling Andamanese woman is on display at the exhibition. It had been framed for him by his fellow inmates, in particular Mac Maharaj, using carefully cut pieces of cardboard as a makeshift frame. On his release, National Geographic sent Mandela a copy of the original photograph. A stack of wooden boxes is a small sample of the 76 boxes that were used to hold the 76 000 pieces of correspondence between Mandela and the prison authorities. He frequently wrote letters on behalf of his fellow inmates protesting against the petty regulations of disallowing books to study, or complained about the quality of the food. One letter of complaint runs to 25 pages. Some of the letters were written in Afrikaans, an effort to appeal to the prison bosses whose mother tongue was Afrikaans. Spend an hour at the Nelson Mandela exhibition in the Old Fort, and come away with a small peep into the icon’s soul. Two videos run constantly. The first one, filmed in April 1977, some 13 years into Mandela’s life sentence on Robben Island, records an official visit in which the prison authorities invited the foreign press to visit the island, to see for themselves the conditions under which the prisoners were being held. It records several prisoners with spades, clearing weeds from a gravel path. In October 1962, he was sentenced to five years on Robben Island for inciting workers to strike, and for leaving the country without a passport. He had been on the run for 17 months as the Black Pimpernel, and had been arrested earlier in 1962 near Howick in KwaZulu-Natal. In 1964, he was sentenced to life imprisonment on Robben Island in the Rivonia Trial. He was released in February 1990.
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Southampton academy chief Hale happy with Bycroft, Slattery England callsby Paul Vegas12 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveSouthampton academy manager Matt Hale is delighted seeing Jack Bycroft involved with England Under-19s.Callum Slattery is also with England Under-20s this week.Hale told the club’s website: “Callum has shown a great attitude this season. We know what he’s capable of. He’s had that opportunity with the first team and I’m sure that will come around again soon, as his performances continue.“I’m delighted for him to be recognised again by the England setup, which is testament to that attitude and how he’s applied himself.“Jack’s done tremendously well. We’ve felt for some time that he was at that level, and finally he’s got that recognition and been rewarded for his hard work and the continuous development he’s shown.“He’s trained a lot with the first team and the first-team goalkeeping staff. He’s had some fantastic performances – both in our Under-18s last year and this year in the Under-23s. We’re delighted for Jack.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say